論丁玲延安時期的小說創作
A Discussion on Dinglin’s Fiction during the Yanan Period

2015-2016 School of Chinese Research Student Seminar

論丁玲延安時期的小說創作
A Discussion on Dinglin’s Fiction during the Yanan Period

王立峰先生 Mr Wang Lifeng

Date and Time: April 1, 2016 (Friday); 5:30-6:45pm
Venue: Room 730, Run Run Shaw Tower, Centennial Campus, HKU
Language: Putonghua

延安時期(1937﹣1945),是丁玲(1904﹣1986)再一次因思想劇變進而創作風格大變的時期。不同於1930年代的“左轉”,丁玲的這一次轉變在一般論者看來頗有被迫的意味,特別是由於延安文藝座談會的召開,以及隨之而來的政治運動,使得丁玲一度中斷了小說創作,令文學在與政治的角力中顯得不堪一擊。然而,仔細爬梳其中的微妙變化,不難發現丁玲在30年代的“左轉”已經為40年代的思想轉變埋下伏筆。兩者的不同之處在於,前一次轉變宣告著丁玲整個政治立場和文化立場的變化,後一次則僅是同一立場內部的觀點調整。丁玲選擇中共,是許多因素共同促成的,其中她個人的意願也佔據了相當大的比例,因而她在延安的思想轉變不能被簡單地視作政治壓迫的結果。誠然丁玲的創作不可避免地受到政治話語和現實環境的影響,她處理文學創作與政治和現實之間關係的方式依然值得深思。丁玲在延安的經歷,大可視作心向中共的左翼知識分子曲折的心靈史,其背後所折射出的乃是個體在大時代面前的困惑和堅持。

Dinglin (1904-1986), a writer who joined CCP in 1932, is well known for her feminine novels in 1920s in Shanghai. Having been under house arrest by KMT in Nanjing for about 3 years, Dinglin finally escaped and found her way to Yanan in 1936. However, she didn’t write many novels in Yanan, only 10 short stories, which she was good at and supposed to do. Actually she wrote little but non-fiction works after the Yanan Forum on Literature and Art. Dinglin was in “honey moon” with CCP as she arrived in Yanan and after 2 to 3 years she started to struggle with the relationship between art principles and revolutionary needs, which could be easily observed in her novels. The reason why she was willing to follow the CCP’s policy and how she dealt with the conflictions between literature and politics still remained obscure today. Through an in-depth discussion on Dinglin’s case, we might have a better understanding of the development of literature in the 1940s of Yanan and also the left-wing intellectuals’ choices of political inclination when they were facing a new growing authority.

ALL ARE WELCOME!

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