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Divergence and Competition in 19th Century Mandarin: From Lǐ Rǔzhēn to Liú Mèngyáng

Posted By admin On 02:11 PM In Past Events 2017-18 | Comments Disabled

2016-2017 School of Chinese Seminar 香港大學中文學院講座

Divergence and Competition in 19th Century Mandarin:
From Lǐ Rǔzhēn to Liú Mèngyáng

史皓元教授 Professor Richard VanNess Simmons
羅格斯-新澤西州立大學 Rutgers University

時間 Date: 11:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m., Friday, July 21, 2017
地點 Venue: Room 730, Run Run Shaw Tower, Centennial Campus, HKU
語言 Language: 普通話 Putonghua


Various versions of Mandarin were prevalent in the Qīng dynasty. They can be roughly classified into a northern and southern form of Mandarin, both of which were widely accepted in China in the 18th and 19th centuries, with both considered to be equally valid and both widely spoken. For example, the scholar Lǐ Rǔzhēn 李汝珍 (c. 1763–1830) a native of Běijīng and author of the novel Jìng huā yuán (鏡花緣) even played the role of advocate for embracing both kinds of Mandarin. This situation created the backdrop for the mixed standard for the first version of the National Pronunciation (Guóyīn 國音) established in 1913 that came to be known as Lánqīng Guānhuà 藍青官話. It is a state of affairs that is largely forgotten today with the general acceptance of a single Mandarin standard throughout the Chinese-speaking world. But the historical embrace of linguistic diversity is fascinating and well worth remembering.


Professor Richard VanNess Simmons is Professor of Chinese and Immediate Past Chair of the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures at Rutgers University. He holds a Master’s degree in Chinese literature, and a Ph.D. in Chinese linguistics from the University of Washington, Seattle. Simmons’ publications include Chinese Dialect Classification — A Comparative Approach to Harngjou, Old Jintarn, and Common Northern Wu (Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1999; revision and translation in Chinese–Beijing: Zhonghua, 2011), Chinese Dialect Geography: Distinguishing Mandarin and Wu in Their Boundary Region (Shanghai: Shanghai Education, 2006) and Studies in Chinese and Sino-Tibetan Linguistics: Dialect, Phonology, Transcription and Text (2014).


Poster [1]

http://www.hku.hk/chinese [2]

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URL to article: http://www.chinese.hku.hk/main/2017/07/17/divergence-and-competition-in-19th-century-mandarin-from-li-ruzhen-to-liu-mengyang/

URLs in this post:

[1] Poster: http://web.chinese.hku.hk/poster/20170721.pdf

[2] http://www.hku.hk/chinese: http://web.chinese.hku.hk/main

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